Willkommen auf den Seiten des Auswärtigen Amts
Today, representatives of 15 countries, 3 NGOs and 6 international organizations came together in a virtual conference to discuss the current state and way ahead in assisting Bosnia and Hercegovina to achieve its goal to become a mine-free country.
Participants agreed that reinforced efforts are needed to move ahead on this path in order to make Bosnia and Hercegovina a mine free country by 2025 and avoid further loss of lives. Since 1996, 617 people, including five deminers, have been killed by landmines, more than 1700 have been injured. Many of them will suffer the consequences for the rest of their lives.
Germany has, since the beginning, firmly supported Bosnia and Hercegovina in its efforts in the area of demining. Until today, 40 mio EUR have been provided to that end by the German Federal Foreign Office. At the review conference of the Oslo Convention (Convention on Cluster Munition - CCM) in November last year the German Federal Government announced its readiness to establish a Country Coalition with Bosnia and Hercegovina, thereby taking a leading role in ensuring a better structuring and coordination between the local authorities and the donor community as well as among donors. Today’s conference entitled „Challenges towards a mine-free Bosnia and Hercegovina“ formally initiated this Country Coalition and aimed at creating among all participants a common understanding of the situation and the way ahead, its challenges and chances, and create the basis for our future joint efforts.
Humanitarian mine action and clearance of explosive ordnance are key elements of the German Federal Government’s engagement in post conflict stabilization. These activities are located at the very juncture of humanitarian assistance, disarmament, stabilization and development cooperation.
The contamination of large areas with mines and other explosives impedes the deployment of peace missions, the work of humanitarian relief agencies and the implementation of stabilization programs. It prevents refugees and displaced persons from returning to their homes and re-establishing for themselves and their families durable and sustainable livelihoods.
Within the framework of humanitarian mine action the Federal Foreign Office therefore supports activities to find and remove explosive ordnance, such as, i. a., anti-personnel mines, and thus paves the way for humanitarian protection and stabilization, and finally for peace and long term development. It supports measures of education and advocacy, assistance to victims ranging from physical rehabilitation to psychological support and last but not least gives its voice to strengthening the normative and strategic Framework.
Through its engagement, the German Federal Government, at the same time, fulfills its obligations emanating from international obligations, in particular from the Ottawa Convention (Anti-Personal Mine Ban Convention - APBMC), the Oslo Convention (Convention on Cluster Munition - CCM) and Protocol V of the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons – CCW. Over the past years, Germany has increasingly assumed responsibility in this context and has turned into one of the largest international donors in the area of humanitarian demining and clearance of explosive ordnance.